One of the most important components when we talk about a computer, are the hard drives. These storage units are used to store all kinds of programs, photographs, videos, movies, and a host of other files on our PC or laptop. Unlike other types of memory such as RAM, they have the advantage that the information is stored inside, even if it is not connected to electrical power. And there it can stay as long as we need it.

But what happens when a file or folder is deleted from our hard drive for any reason? Is it possible to recover it? The answer is yes. But be careful, because everything will depend on the type of hard drive in question (magnetic or solid), the software used, and other circumstances. In this article, we are going to show you what options exist to recover accidentally deleted files from your computer. We advise you to take paper and a pen and take a good note. Because at any moment you may need it.

How can I recover my deleted data on a hard drive?

If you search on the Internet, you will find numerous tools to recover deleted files from a hard drive, such as this application Recuva, which is one of the most popular programs for recovering data that has “disappeared” from the PC or from an external drive. But before continuing, it is necessary that you take into account other aspects that may be decisive when determining whether or not it is possible to recover the lost information on a hard drive.

Factors that make file recovery easier

The longer the time has elapsed since the data was erased, the more difficult it will be to recover. This is a maxim that must always be taken into account. The reason is very simple when you consider how magnetic hard drives work. And it is that in these storage units the writing head can record directly on existing tracks. The data would be overwritten and the recovery task would be more difficult. So if a lot of time passes, the difficulty to “find” and “rescue” them will be much greater.

Another factor that will influence when recovering your files is that you have not used the hard drive much since they were erased. If we continue cutting and pasting data, downloading new applications, or reorganizing our folders, the chances of the information that we are interested in recovering will be overwritten significantly. With what “we put more stones in the way” to get to the original file and put it safely.

On the other hand, it must be taken into account that size is of relevant importance. A 222 KB word document is not the same as a 450-megabyte video. The more space they occupy, the more complicated the process of restoring deleted information with data recovery software will be since it is easier for part of the file to have been overwritten.

Can I recover deleted files on SSD hard drive?

So far we have talked about conventional hard drives. But the truth is that HDD hard drives are being used less and less. These days’ solid-state drives, also known as SSDs, have gained a lot of ground. And they are becoming the storage system of choice in most computer equipment since it greatly triples the speeds of writing and reading data. Internally, SSDs work in a completely different way, since they store the data in flash memories that are interconnected with each other. This makes things much more complicated for the app to recover deleted files.

And to further complicate things, SSD disks are prepared to permanently erase the space that remains unused in your file system. To this must be added that solid-state devices are based on new technologies, such as encryption by default, the TRIM command or over-provisioning, which present an extra challenge for SSD data recovery. But this does not mean that we cannot recover data on these kinds of disks.

SSD drives also provide the option to recover accidentally deleted files. For this, it is essential to select a data recovery software that is professional and effective, both for HDD disks and for SSD systems. And if it’s free and in Spanish, much better.

Deleting a file by mistake can seem terrible to us. But do not despair. If you stay calm and act quickly, you have a good chance of finding them and returning them to their original place. Sometimes it is as simple as taking a look at the recycle bin, which is a storage area where files and folders are kept before they are permanently deleted. If this happens, you just have to open it and restore the elements that interest you. You will immediately have them on hand to use them again.

If this was not the solution, then you would have to resort to applications to recover deleted files. As we have seen previously, there are great programs with very complete and advanced functions, like the one we have named above. You just have to download it from the official website of the application, run it, choose the path you want it to scan, and wait for the process to finish. Then you will only have to mark those that you want to recover.