The implementation of 5G has been announced for years as the new generation of mobile networks that will allow the promotion of increasingly efficient, fast, and advanced technologies.
Many industries and companies of all sizes are already anticipating the impact that networks will have. From areas related to ICT to other sectors such as retail, transport, or manufacturing, 5G is called to transform the way of using technology and expand its uses.
❆ What is 5G?
5G refers to the fifth generation of mobile networks, a technological advance that will allow access to new functionalities and advantages from the mobile. It thus consists of the evolution of the previous development of this type of network (4G / LTE), which is the one that mainly remains in force today.
With each advance in mobile networks, new possibilities have appeared: for example, 4G allowed the reproduction of streaming videos or augmented reality. The implementation of 5G also promises great benefits in the type of content that can be consumed and the digitization of processes.
Although its implementation is progressing slowly, it does so steadily: according to the latest GSMA report on Mobile Economy, 5G is already available in 24 markets globally, and, by 2025, 20% of the population will have access to it.
❆ What is 5G for?
The 5G promises great advances in the speed of navigation and the reduction of the response time. For this reason, some of the functionalities that this type of network will allow have already been described:
Playback of complex content, such as Ultra HD videos or 3D models.
Generate networks compatible with the Internet of Things, where the connection of devices to the same network is multiplied.
Allow cities to continue to host more and more mobile network users and to become smart cities.
Download files and open web pages quickly.
Boost to autonomous cars.
Promotion of work in the cloud or cloud computing.
The encouragement of remote work. As an example, a real-time tele-assisted surgery operation was demonstrated in early 2019 in China. Through robotic arms and a 5G connection, the surgeon was able to successfully perform the operation 30 kilometers from where the patient was. In business terms, 5G will expand the possibilities for teleworking and collaborative work.
Push for Artificial Intelligence and Deep Learning networks, with the generalization of processes such as virtual assistants, maintenance, and predictive analytics.
In the business world, these applications represent the generation of a new paradigm, in which the Fourth Industrial Revolution and digital transformation are definitively promoted.
❆ Differences between 5G and 4G
The features described above are guided by the three main advances that 5G networks promise compared to 4G networks:
Faster browsing. Depending on the operator, 5G networks could reach up to 10 or even 20 GBps (gigabytes per second), multiplying the speed commonly offered in the market today.
Boost to the connection of more devices in a single network.
Reduction in network response time or latency, that is, the time it takes to perform an action. If the current 4G has a latency of 20 milliseconds, the 5G proposes one of 1 or 2.
Thanks to these advantages, 5G networks will be in charge of taking all the processes that will allow the true digital transformation one step further, moving towards efficiency and optimization of resources.